13 oktober 2014
1- Ebola virus is a pathogen of class 4 (Category A biowarfare agents by the Centers for Disease Control). That means that no medication is available to treat infected humans. The virus and contaminated materials should be manipulated with high precautions and as infectious material !
2- Canadian Health Authority says that : Ebola virus is sensitive to sodium hypochlorite; lipid solvents, phenolic disinfectants, peracetic acid, methanol, ether, sodium desoxycholate, glutaraldehyde 2%, Triton X-100 0.25%, beta-propiolactone, acetic acid 3%, formaldehyde and paraformaldehyde, detergent like SDS.
UMONIUM38, Efficiënt tegen het EBOLA virus
Ebola is moderately thermolabile, could be inactivated by heating at 60°C for 30 min, boiling for 5 min, gamma irradiation (1.2-,27 x 106 rad) or UV radiation.
3- One paper by Chepurnov AA1, Bakulina LF et al, showed the “Inactivation of Ebola virus with a surfactant nanoemulsion” (published in Acta Trop. 2003 Aug;87(3):315-20). This nanoemulsion is a mix of detergent and natural oil.
4- WHO and CDC recommend standard health and hygiene precautions to be applied.
5- In his paper “Defense against filoviruses used as biological weapons” in Antiviral Res. 2003 Jan;57(1-2):53-60, Mike Bray affirms that disinfectants based on quaternary ammonium (such as those recommended by CDC) are convenient.